Menopause is the point in a woman's life when ovulation stops and menstruation ceases¹. The associated hormonal changes are accompanied by numerous symptoms that vary in severity from one woman to another: hot flushes, mood and sleep disorders, weight gain, urinary disorders, pain, hair loss, increased hair growth, etc. This period is also frequently accompanied by vulvar and skin dryness². But what exactly is the menopause? How does it affect women's skin? What can be done to prevent and limit its impact on the skin?
is the average age of onset of menopause¹
of skin thickness lost in a post-menopausal woman every 10 years due to a decrease in hyaluronic acid and sebum production²
loss of skin collagen 5 years after the onset of menopause³
Menopause is when a woman stops menstruating1,2. This cessation of menstruation is then definitive. Menopause occurs on average between the ages of 45 and 55 and more commonly around the age of 50.
It is a natural phenomenon that occurs when the ovaries stop producing sex hormones (oestrogen and progesterone). These hormones act cyclically throughout the body. This stoppage, therefore, has varying repercussions from one woman to another:
The skin is not spared either. In fact, the menopause leads to a decrease in the suppleness of the skin associated with dryness, which causes or accentuates the appearance of wrinkles.
These phenomena correlate to the decrease in oestrogen production. These hormones allow for the production of the following in the dermis, the layer that is the skin's water reserve3,4 :
During menopause, to counteract the effects of falling hormone levels on skin ageing, it may be worthwhile to adapt your lifestyle.
In fact, the impact of lifestyle is almost as strong as the physiological impact on skin ageing5. It is, therefore, useful to put into practice certain rules each day:
Smoking accelerates the ageing of the skin, especially on the hands and face, because the smoke settles on the pores of the skin, clogging them and reducing oxygenation. In addition, smoking causes vasoconstriction, i.e. a reduction in the internal diameter of the blood vessels. This phenomenon is accentuated in the skin, leading to a decrease in blood irrigation and, therefore, a decrease in the supply of oxygen and nutrients, and causing premature skin ageing5.
The sun is the skin's number one enemy! It is best avoided between 12 and 4 pm when it is at its highest. When exposed to the sun, apply sun protection suitable for your skin type. Reapply at least every two hours. Over time, exposure to the sun's UVA and UVB rays can make the skin less elastic. The skin may even thicken, wrinkle or thin6.7. Applying an emollient before and after sun exposure is also recommended to limit skin dryness.
Several vitamins, minerals and trace elements, if provided in sufficient quantities, are known to contribute to the maintenance of normal skin. This is particularly the case for vitamins A, B3 or PP (niacin), B8 or H (biotin), B12 (riboflavin), C (ascorbic acid) and copper, iodine and zinc9. Some of these molecules are not compatible with certain conditions or health problems, so it is essential to check with a health professional before supplementing your diet.
Sleep is essential for the rest of the brain and other organs. It allows cell renewal to take place. It is, therefore, important to get enough sleep and in good conditions
In addition to these lifestyle tips, adopting a skincare routine is also highly recommended to minimise the effects of ageing and the menopause on the skin.
The first thing to do to prevent the effects of ageing on the skin is proper daily skin nutrition and hydration and gentle hygiene.
DEXERYL supports you with emollient skin care and cleansers specially formulated for sensitive and dry skin.
It can be used to protect the skin and reduce the signs and symptoms of dry skin.
It contains three active ingredients